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Announcements


Soil and groundwater technologies are constantly changing in this industry and that’s why many people attend our workshops every year. Last year, we saw over 4,000 environmental professionals register for a workshop and in 2019 we will be focused on “Vapor Intrusion” in the New England region.

Vapor Pin Enterprises would like to invite you to the WHITE PLAINS VAPOR INTRUSION
WORKSHOP on Tuesday, April 23 rd at the Renaissance Westchester hotel where Laurie Chilcote & Craig Cox will be speaking.
Over 17,000 people have registered for one of our workshops and there is typically a good mix
of consultants, regulators, and industrial managers.
Our half-day technical workshops cover a range of topics from bioremediation, chemical oxidation, metals stabilization, thermal desorption, and many others.
Thanks to the workshop sponsors & exhibitors there is NO CHARGE for you to attend. A hot lunch buffet is provided, and you’ll also receive a certificate for 4 PDH credits. I also wanted to draw your attention to a video we have on our website that will give you a quick peek inside one of our workshops: https://youtu.be/6RPCNiqrnsg.youtube.com
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We are excited to exhibit at the MGP Conference.MGP Conference 2019 is pleased to announce Vapor Pin has joined as an exhibitor. Our exhibitors help make the MGP Conference one of the most anticipated industry events! Thank you, Vapor Pin! Exhibitor space is still available here: https://mgpconference.com/exhibitors/ ... See MoreSee Less

Stop by and see the new Vapor Pin Insert at booth 37 during the AEHS conference this week. We look forward to seeing you. ... See MoreSee Less

Please enjoy the presentation by Marco Falconi, Contaminated sites expert and Researcher at ISPRA, on phytoremediation workshop organized by Italian National System for the Protection of Environment. He spoke about the technology selection criteria. In the framework. He shared many wonderful technologies, one of which was the VAPOR PIN® as a "technique useful to avoid remediation overestimation".ARPAM - Seminario nazionale "Fitotecnologie per la gestione e la bonifica di siti contaminati: esempi di buone pratiche" - Pesaro 4 marzo 2019 Intervento di ... ... See MoreSee Less

2019 EPA Region VII Stakeholders Meeting ... See MoreSee Less

Here we grow again! ... See MoreSee Less

Happy Holidays! We share our warmest wishes for a New Year filled with joy, peace and prosperity. We appreciate your business and look forward to helping you in 2019! ... See MoreSee Less

Main Content

Source Characterization


Using Vapor Pins® for Source Characterization
The Vapor Pin® is ideally suited for locating Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) contamination sources beneath pavement. Our experience is that most sites have sources of contamination that in addition to those associated with underground tanks and degreasing areas. Unsuspected source areas often correspond to former exterior doors that were obscured by later building expansion. Cox-Colvin has located such sources equipped with little more than some Vapor Pins®, a hammer drill, and a multi-gas meter.

Cox-Colvin’s approach to VOC source investigation consists of installing Vapor Pins® along a grid, allowing the points to equilibrate, and collecting readings with a multi-gas meter. With a team of two people, we’ve installed as many as 90 Vapor Pins® in one day, and sampled, removed the Vapor Pins®, and plugged the holes on the following day.

For source characterization, we normally install brass Vapor Pins® in the stick-up configuration on a grid spacing of 20 to 30 feet. We cover the Vapor Pins® with traffic cones and allow them to equilibrate for at least an hour. We then collect field readings with a hand-held multi-gas meter capable of measuring VOCs via Photo-Ionization Detector (PID), oxygen (O2), and Lower Explosive Limits (LEL). The PID indicates VOC sources. O2 in soil gas is normally lower than in air, but unusually low levels (<5%), especially with high LEL readings, are characteristic of methane generation (methanogenesis).
Methanogenesis occurs when non-chlorinated solvents or other organic matter degrades at too high a rate for O2 replenishment.

After collecting field readings at all of the sample points, samples are collected from locations with elevated PID readings, and submitted to a laboratory for confirmation. Samples can be collected into evacuated glass vials, Bottle Vacs, Tedlar bags, Summa canisters, sorbent tubes, and potentially other devices. Some containers do not offer low enough reporting levels for vapor intrusion sampling, but low levels are probably not needed for locating contaminant sources.At the conclusion of sampling, remove the Vapor Pins® and fill the holes with hydraulic cement or caulk.

Urethane and polyurethane caulks are recommended by radon mitigation guidance for filling holes and cracks, but they contain VOCs that could interfere with subsequent sampling. Hydraulic cement does not contain VOCs, but it sets up quickly, making it potentially difficult to fill borings to total depth.  After removing the silicone sleeve and other plastic parts from the Vapor Pins®, decontaminated them for reuse. Cox-Colvin has a number of Vapor Pins® that they have used an average of seven or eight times with no breakage or damage.

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